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Monday, March 22, 2010

Basic of Join

INNER JOIN

This join returns rows when there is at least one match in both the tables.

OUTER JOIN

There are three different Outer Join methods.

LEFT OUTER JOIN
This join returns all the rows from the left table in conjunction with the matching rows from the right table. If there are no columns matching in the right table, it returns NULL values.


RIGHT OUTER JOIN
This join returns all the rows from the right table in conjunction with the matching rows from the left table. If there are no columns matching in the left table, it returns NULL values.


FULL OUTER JOIN
This join combines left outer join and right after join. It returns row from either table when the conditions are met and returns null value when there is no match.

CROSS JOIN

This join is a Cartesian join that does not necessitate any condition to join. The resultset contains records that are multiplication of record number from both the tables.



Additional Notes related to JOIN:

The following are three classic examples to display where Outer Join is useful. You will notice several instances where developers write query as given below.

SELECT t1.*
FROM Table1 t1
WHERE t1.ID NOT IN (SELECT t2.ID FROM Table2 t2)
GO

The query demonstrated above can be easily replaced by Outer Join. Indeed, replacing it by Outer Join is the best practice. The query that gives same result as above is displayed here using Outer Join and WHERE clause in join.

/* LEFT JOIN - WHERE NULL */
SELECT t1.*,t2.*
FROM Table1 t1
LEFT JOIN Table2 t2 ON t1.ID = t2.ID
WHERE t2.ID IS NULL

The above example can also be created using Right Outer Join.


NOT INNER JOIN
Remember, the term Not Inner Join does not exist in database terminology. However, when full Outer Join is used along with WHERE condition, as explained in the above two examples, it will give you exclusive result to Inner Join. This join will give all the results that were not present in Inner Join.

3 comments:

sandy said...

Hi Guru,

Very good post on joins it really helps to understand the basics & working of joins. this type of questions interviewer still ask when we go for an interviews.

Keep doing good works.

Parag Shukla said...

Thank you so much dear

韋宣威宇 said...

It's great!!..................................................

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